Czech ACM Student Chapter
Czech Technical University in Prague
Charles University in Prague
Technical University of Ostrava
acm
ˇ a
Slovak University of Technology
Pavol Jozef Saf´rik University in Koˇice
s
cz
ˇ
University of Zilina
Masaryk University
Matej Bel University in Bansk´ Bystrica
a
University of West Bohemia
CTU Open Contest 2013
Furry Nuisance
fn.c, fn.cpp, Fn.java
In order to protect himself from evil bunnies, Freddy decided to install an automatic system
to detect them in pictures from surveillance cameras. Sophisticated software detects important
points in the picture and lines between them. Unfortunately, the terrain in the pictures is quite
varied and lot of the points and lines are actually not bunnies.
You have made the following observation: Each bunny has four paws and a body joining them.
Based on this observation, write a program to decide whether a given picture can possibly
contain a bunny.
Input Specification
The input contains several test cases. The first line of each test case contains two integers n
and m (0 n 10 000, 0 m 20 000), giving the number of points and lines in the image,
respectively. Each of the m following lines contains two distinct integers x and y (1 x, y n),
indicating that the points x and y are directly joined by a line. You may assume that each pair
of points is joined by at most one direct line and that no point is directly joined with itself.
Output Specification
For each input instance, output "YES" if the picture can contain a bunny, and "NO" otherwise.
The picture can contain a bunny if it is possible to remove some of the points and lines so that
the resulting image is connected and has exactly 4 paws.
The image is said to be connected if (and only if ) each two points are joined with each other by
one or more successive lines. A paw is a point which is directly joined with exactly one other
point.
Output for Sample Input
Sample Input
NO
2
1
YES
1
2
5
4
1
2
1
3
1
4
1
5