Czech ACM Student Chapter

Czech Technical University in Prague

Charles University in Prague

Technical University of Ostrava

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Slovak University of Technology

Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Koˇice

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University of Zilina

Masaryk University

Matej Bel University in Bansk´ Bystrica

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University of West Bohemia

CTU Open Contest 2012 -- Practice Session

Gregory the Grasshopper

grasshop.c, grasshop.cpp, Grasshop.java

Gregory is a grasshopper. His favourite food are clover leafs -- he can simply never have enough

of them. Whenever he spots such a leaf, he wants to eat it as quickly as possible. Gregory is

also lazy, so he wants to move to the leaf with minimal effort. Your task is to help him to find

the shortest way to a clover leaf.

For simplicity, we will assume that Gregory lives on a rectangular grid consisting of unit squares.

As a grasshopper, he prefers to move by jumping (or, more exactly, hopping) from one square

to the other. Each hop takes him to the adjacent square in any of 8 possible directions such

that his hops resemble the moves of a king on a chessboard.

Input Specification

The input consists of several test cases, each of them specified by six integer numbers on one line:

R, C , GR, GC , LR, and LC . R and C specify the size of the grid in unit squares, 1 ≤ R, C ≤ 100.

Gregory cannot hop outside a rectangle of this size, because it would be too dangerous. The

values of GR, GC are the coordinates of the square that Gregory is standing on, and LR, LC are

the coordinates of the square with the delicious clover leaf. (1 ≤ GR, LR ≤ R; 1 ≤ GC , LC ≤ C )

Output Specification

For each test case, print one integer number -- the minimal number of hops that Gregory needs

to reach the square with his beloved delicacy.

Sample Input

10 10 10 10 1 1

221112

553355

Output for Sample Input

9

1

2